Guide to the Home Loan Process

Buying a home is one of the major decisions a person has to take during his life. It is rare to find someone who pays the entire cost of home at one go. A home loan is an essential part of any home buying endeavor. Taking a home loan is a long journey, which involves many stages. The key to getting your home loan in a smooth way is being familiar with the entire home loan process.

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Know the home loan process before-hand
Beginning the home loan process in India

The process of getting a home loan starts with a formal application for the loan. The application form requires certain basic information about you. This will include your personal, residential, income, employment, educational details and details about the property, estimated costs and current means of financing the property. Though the requirements may vary from bank to bank but there are certain things which every bank will ask.

The application form must be supported with valid documents to substantiate the facts. Generally the banks will ask you to submit following documents.

  • Income proof
  • Age proof
  • Identity proof
  • Address proof
  • Employment details
  • Proof of educational qualifications
  • Details about the property if finalized
  • Bank statements

Proof of income : This will need to be backed up by proof such as copies of last three years’ Income Tax returns (along with copies of Computation of Income/Annual accounts, if any), Form 16/Form 16A, last three months’ salary slips, copies of the last 6 months’ statements of all your active bank accounts in which your salary/business income details are reflected, etc. Other documents that you need to provide with your application form include age proof, address proof and identification proof. You may also be asked to give your employment details.

Age proof : Copy of your school leaving certificate/Driving license/Passport/ration card/PAN card/Election Commission’s card/etc.

Identification proof : Same as above, but with photograph. Sometimes, the same document if it contains a photograph, the current residential address and the correct age can be the proof for all 3 things.

Address proof : Similar documents need to be provided to prove that you are actually staying at your current address.

Your employment details: If your company is not well‐known, then a short summary about the nature of the company, its business lines, its main customers, its competitors, number of offices, number of employees, turnover, profit, etc may be needed. Usually, the company profile that is available on the standard website of the company is enough.

Educational qualification : The copy of certificates of your higher educational qualification needs to be submitted.

The purpose of the entire exercise is to ascertain the suitability of an applicant for a home loan. The income documents and bank statements provide vital clues to the bank regarding your financial health.

Processing fees for home loans in India. : An important thing to note about home loans is the processing fee. Banks charge a processing fee for every home loan application. This fees is non refundable. This fees is used by the bank to start and maintain the home loan process including completing the various formalities during the entire period.

Evaluation and verification of home loan applicant : After applying successfully for the home loan and submitting the processing fees, the bank evaluates your application, decides in principal about your home loan and requires a personal meeting with the bank officials. This decision for personal interaction can be taken within 2-3 days of submitting a complete application. The purpose of this personal interaction is to know more about the borrower and his repayment capacity. Being satisfied by your application and personal interaction, the bank proceeds to verify all the facts that you mentioned in your application for home loan. A field investigation process is initiated – to confirm and validate everything stated in the application form. Qualified representatives are sent by the bank to your office and place of residence to ascertain the facts. The references provided in the application are cross checked and verified.

Verification of repayment capacity : Once the field investigations over, the bank now goes ahead to verify your repayment capacity. This is the most vital part of any home loan process. If the bank finds that you’ll not be able to repay the money back with interest on time, it will simply deny you any home loan offer. On the other hand if the bank finds that all’s well and is convinced by your repayment capacity, it sanctions your home loan. Based on how well the bank is satisfied by your financial conditions and repayment capacity the bank can issue a conditional sanction or unconditional sanction. If the sanction is conditional, you’ll have to fulfill the conditions imposed before the loan is disbursed.

Sanction letter for home loan : The bank then prepares a sanction letter which contains the following detail:

  • The amount of home loan sanctioned
  • The interest rate applicable on your home loan
  • Whether the interest rate is fixed or floating
  • Your home loan tenure
  • The mode of repayment of the home loan
  • If any special scheme applies to the home loan, its details
  • The terms and conditions associated with the home loan

If you find the offer attractive and agree with all the facts mentioned in the sanction letter, you will have to provide an acceptance copy to the bank. This is generally a duplicate of the sanction letter signed by you, provided to the bank for its records. If the bank charges any administrative fee, it will have to be submitted at this stage.

Verification of the property : Now the bank will verify the property in question. The home loan is a secured loan with the property being used as the security or collateral. So, to get the home loan you must submit the original documents of the property to the bank. The title deeds, no-objection certificates and other documents required by the bank are to be submitted in original and the bank keeps them safely until you repay the entire loan amount. After taking the papers, bank conducts a legal check so as to verify that the property has a clear title and the home loan is being disbursed to the right person and for the right reasons. Banks don’t lend for disputed properties and for titles where ownership cannot be easily enforced.

Along with the legal check, banks also send experts to the location of your property to conduct a technical valuation. If the property is under construction, the banks verify the stage of construction, quality of construction, progress of construction, locality etc. and evaluate the property on established parameters. In case where the property is ready or is being resold the bank verifies the ownership, maintenance, age of property, quality of construction, locality and required legal clearances. The banks have qualified valuators, which assess the value of property on various parameters and decide on the amount of loan

The sole purpose of all this exercise is to ensure that the property has a clear title, is technically sound and meets the valuation standards of the bank.

Note: Verification is not necessary if loan is being sanctioned by a tie-up Bank.

The disbursal of home loan : Once the formalities are completed and the bank is satisfied with the legal, technical and financial valuation of the property, the registration process for the home loan begins. The legal documents are to be prepared on stamp papers of required denominations in a format approved by the bank’s lawyer. The home loan agreement is then signed and you need to submit the post dated cheques for the agreed term. After the home loan agreement the loan disbursal process begins. Depending on the home loan purpose, and the agreed type of disbursal (lump sum or in stages), banks disburse the home loan amount.

Income Tax certificate

Every bank issues an income tax certificate that serves as requisite proof to let you avail of tax benefits that accrue on repayment of a home loan. This will typically contain the total amount of interest and capital repaid during the year. This is mandatory to claim the tax benefit in respect of self-occupied property. You will have to file this with your tax returns and submit this to your employer or chartered accountant to calculate your tax liability.

How Loanyantra Works During the Home Loan Process :

It is our work to make you feel at ease during the process. We are here to make you select the best and your favourite bank. We ensure that your process is smooth as we send you alerts and remainders about each step before even the agent comes to you. You can always contact our relationship manager for any queries.

Home loan application rejected

First thing to do if your home loan application gets rejected is, to relax. Because there are ways to figure out and get it done.

Usually, a home loan gets rejected for the following reasons.

Reasons why a home loan application is rejected.

Credit Score : The foremost reason for your home loan application to be rejected is your low credit score. For availing any loan, you should have a good credit score. Any lender, either a bank or an NBFC go further with the loan process after checking the borrowers credit score. So, if the credit score is low, the home loan application gets rejected in the first step.

Eligibility Criteria : If the loan amount applied is more than the eligibility, the process might terminate stating you don’t meet the eligibility criteria. The loan is usually sanctioned based on your source of income and the amount of income you get. Home loan application gets rejected if the lender feels that you cannot bear the EMI.

Valuation Of the Property : The next step is evaluation of the property. Sometimes, even if you are eligible for the applied loan amount, your property might value less than you had applied for. In such cases again, the home loan application gets rejected.

Processing Fee Cheque Bounce : You have to pay the processing fees in the form of cheque. If you have no enough amount in your bank account, then the cheque gets bounced. So, if the cheque gets bounced, the agent gets back to you with a rejection message.

Other Reasons : If there are any transition changes in your life say you are in between two jobs, or you are turning to be a new entrepreneur from an employee working for a company, or you are working for a small company, or having minimum work experience, all these might lead to a home loan application rejection.

Reasons w.r.t People : Sometimes, your co-owner is not the person mentioned in the lenders’ conditions, or you are a co-owner or guarantor to someone else (not a problem if your credit score is good and you reach your eligibility), or you have too many co-borrowers for your property or you have too many independents on you, or you hold a too old property, any of these reasons can reject your home loan application.

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Home Loan Application Rejected? Here are the solutions.
Solutions For Home Loan Application Rejection :

Firstly, relax and go through the reason why your home loan application is rejected.  Then act accordingly. In India, it is possible if you apply for a home loan immediately after the rejection, provided you take the required steps and rectify the reason with a proper solution. Hence, let us look into the solutions for the respective problems.

Credit Score : Check your credit score before you apply for your home loan. If you have  a low credit score, see to it that you get it right by clearing all your pending credit card bills or by paying old debts or by removing your name as a guarantor or co-borrower if you are for anyone.

Eligibility Criteria : If this is the reason, then you should look at reducing the loan amount. If you require so much amount for loan, try applying after your increment. Or increase the tenure and reduce the EMI of any existing home loan or personal loans if any as this will increase the income in hand which will ultimately increase your eligibility.

Valuation of the Property : Before you buy a house, you should have the valuation details. If the valuation estimate by the lenders is less than what you had estimated, then the loan amount you had asked for will not be sanctioned. This happens only when there is a huge difference between the estimates. But if this is the reason, then you can try with different lenders as each lender’s value has a slight variation. Or if you want the same lender then you apply the loan again by reducing the loan amount.

Processing Fees Cheque Bounced : In this case, usually your agent immediately informs you. So, see to it that you start the home loan process or you give a cheque dated in the beginning of the month as it is sure you have enough amount in the account in the beginning of the month than at the end. But see to it this never happens again.

Other reasons : For all other reasons, the transitional changes, you have to wait till you meet the lenders’ conditions. Any lender asks for three months pay slip if you have a change of job. If you have a start-up or if you are working for a start-up, the start-up should have good investors or it should be running in profits. If yo need the loan immediately, you ca try with the NBFCs which are a little lenient with the rules. But note that the interest rate is a little higher than the banks.

Reasons w.r.t. People : Having more independents is really a serious problem. If you reduce the loan amount, probably there are chances of getting the loan. Firstly, you should figure out if you can really manage your EMIs and run a family with your income. The better option is to wait till your increment and then apply. Though you might go with the NBFCs, you might have a tough time managing. If your home loan application is rejected because of too many co-borrowers, then you can choose two out of all of you who has more eligibility and then apply for the home loan. though legally the home loan is on the two chosen ones, you all of you can share the EMI. Ensure that you are in good terms till the end.

The mantra for your loan to be processed is just follow the minimal conditions by the lender as they are lending really huge. Don’t panic. No pain no gain. So, think and take the next step as any more rejection in the application will affect your credit score.

Loanyantra.com is always there to help you and suggest you for a doable job. You can take our guidance and get the loan as customised also at lower interest rate. All you have to do is just inquire in our website. We will do the rest. Happy Home Loaning.

 

 

Snippets On Home Loan Tax Benefits!

Must know things about home loan tax benefits!

home loan tax benefits
Home loan tax  benefit classes 🙂
  • Home loan borrowers are entitled to tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 24 of the Income Tax Act. These can be claimed by the property’s owner.
  • In the case of co-owners, all are entitled to tax benefits provided they are co-borrowers for the home loan too. The limit applies to each co-owner.
  • A co-owner, who is not a co-borrower, is not entitled to tax benefits. Similarly, a co-borrower, who is not a co-owner, cannot claim benefits. Which means, to claim tax on property, the person should be both co-borrower and co-owner.
  • The tax benefit is shared by each joint owner in proportion to his share in the home loan. It’s important to establish the share for each co-borrower to claim tax benefits. 
  • The certificate issued by the housing loan company, showing the split between principal and interest for the EMIs paid, is required for claiming tax benefits. 

If You Work for a company –

  • Submit your home loan interest certificate to your employer for him to adjust tax deductions at source accordingly. This document contains information on your ownership share, borrower details and EMI payments split into interest and principal.

If You Are Self-employed and a Freelancer –

  • You don’t have to submit these documents anywhere, not even to the I-T Department. You’ll need them to calculate your advance tax liability for every quarter. You must keep them safely to answer queries that may arise from the I-T Department and for your own records.

If you have another property along with your self-occupied house, and if you let-out that property, you can claim tax deduction for the entire interest amount on the let-out home’s loan. So, the income from that property is calculated from deducting the property tax, standard tax deduction (30%), interest on the let-out property home loan from the annual rental value of the let-out property.

For the first time home buyers, the government provides up to Rs 50,000 tax benefit on loan up to Rs 35 lakh taken for residential house.

There are more tax planning benefits by different investment opportunities. Explore and take expert’s advice for the best decision and for saving more.

When Can You Go For A Home Loan Transfer

Home Loans have become the most popular tool to achieve one’s dream of buying a home. With so many banks and HFCs offering tailored home loan solutions, people are now more inclined towards home buying. Banks and HFCs have home loan eligibility calculator that will help you assess how much loan banks will give you and what will be your EMI. 

Home Loan Transfer 

Balance transfer, home loan refinancing are interchangeably used with Home Loan Transfer. It helps the borrower to avoid higher interest rates by transferring to another lender which offers lower interest rates. Borrowers usually prefer this option to reduce the burden of interest rate and EMI. The good news is that all the banks and many HFCs in India offer the facility of home loan transfer.

Do You Know!

Although Home Loan Transfer appears to be a lucrative scheme yet one needs to try cost-benefit analysis before opting for a balance transfer.

Firstly, to avail the option of Home Loan Transfer, you need to be in the good books of the bank, make sure that you pay your EMIs regularly.

Secondly, balance transfer decision depends on the difference between interest rate offered by the two banks (one from where you have taken the loan and second from the bank where you wish to transfer your home loan).

Last but not the least, the outstanding amount of the home loan and the tenure left is also an important factor to consider before going for a Home Loan Transfer. Because, it is not a good deal if unpaid loan amount and tenure both are low. Though there are no prepayment charges levied, but while transferring the loan, calculate for the processing fees. It is calculated on the outstanding loan amount, usually, the maximum is Rs. 8,000.

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Calculate Before You Go For A Home Loan Transfer

Always calculate. For example, if 50 lac is outstanding loan amount and calculate-homeloan-transfer_loanyantra-comyour bank charges interest rate of 12 % then you have to pay a total of Rs 58, 01,513 as interest and you choose home loan transfer option to another bank offering interest rate of 11.5% for a time period of 15 years then the interest that you have to pay comes to be 55, 13,708 which means you save 2.87 lac.

This is a substantial amount and even if your bank levies a processing fee for home loan transfer, your saving is on a higher side. So,you can go ahead with balance transfer option.  

An important note which banks consider before lending is your credit score. Always check your credit score before applying for a balance transfer. It is important that your credit health score is good and you have all your bills cleared. 

Banks usually charge 0.5% of the loan amount or flat fees of Rs. 5000-10,000 as processing fee for home loan transfer.

How does home loan balance transfer help you?

Advantages of balance transfer includes the following :

  • It lowers the monthly installment
  • You can save on your interest and use for an important reason.
  • Makes your home loan more affordable
  • Banks and HFCs also offer customized solution that will match your requirement
Home Loan Transfer Process
  • Submit a request form to your current bank. The application also asks for the name of the new bank where you will be transferring the loan.
  • After this, the bank will look into your application and will issue an NOC (No Objection Certificate) that mentions outstanding loan amount.
  • This NOC is then submitted to the new lender and the new bank will study your credit history.
  • CIBIL score should be 700 points to get a loan. Once bank approves your application, all the property documents and other documents like ID proof, ITR etc. are transferred to the new bank.
  • Voila!!! You now have your home loan at a better interest rate and you are ready to smile even bigger now.

Our Role: LoanYantra is an unbiased platform where we offer you the best options pertaining to a home loan. Our home loan transfer service will help you find the right financial institution which will lessen your burden of home loan repayment. Moreover, we have up-to-the-minute information related to lenders and interest rate changes in particular.

Not only availing home loan transfer through loanyantra will make the process easier, but also we will keep a track of your interest rate till you close the loan and help you reduce it whenever possible which helps in saving on the home loan.

Talk to us and let us know your requirement about home loan transfer to serve you better.

State Bank of India cuts the processing fee till 31-March-2017

SBI Home Loans no processing fee for New Home Loans and for Balance Transfer till 31st March 2017.

State Bank of India to boost the volumes of Home Loan business for the last quarter of the 2017 financial year, SBI had launched a special campaign for Home Loans. Under the Home Loan campaign, Processing Fees on all Home Loan proposals(both takeover and new) sanctioned and partially/fully disbursed upto 31-Mar-2017 will be filly waived. The waiver of the processing fee will also be made available to proposals sourced upto 31st March 2017, provided the loans are partially/fully disbursed latest by 30th April 2017.

However , the processing Fee at the applicable rate will be recovered upfront in respect of all Pre-Approved Loans(PAL) and the same will be refunded to the customers by way of credit to the loan account in respect of all PAL proposals source during the campaign period upto 31-Mar-2017 and partly/fully disbursed on or before 30th April 2017

SBI Home Loan
SBI Home Loan

With the decrease in the MCLR for 1-year to 8.00% was itself a big boost to the Home Loan customers. But increase of the margins from 0.10% to 0.60% has added heavy burden to the home loan seekers. Most of the customers are still seeing the fall in the Home Loan rates from 9.10% to 8.60% which is like a mirage which is a short term profit and long term loss compare to the customer who had taken loan in Dec-2016.

Let me explain in detail,  Before I tell you, why customer who had taken home loan in Dec-2016 is better rate then present. I would like to explain, how the interest rate is set. Interest rate consist of 2 components.

 

Interest Rate = 1-Year MCLR  Rate + Margin Rate

Recent announcement was :  1-year MCLR Rate : 8.00 %

Margin Rate  was : 0.60 %

So effectively the Interest rate was set to  8.60 %  = 8.00 % + 0.60 %

What is 1-year MCLR ?

When we avail a loan with 1-year MCLR,  it’s 1-year Fixed loan. Which means any changes in  MCLR during that 12 months, your home loan will not be affected. For example if you availed home loan in Dec-2016 your interest rate change will be only in Dec-2017. So any change , decrease of MCLR or increase of MCLR, your home loan rate will not change during this 12 months. In Dec-2017 your home loan rate will get updated based on the 1-year MCLR during Dec-2017. Again next change will be next year Dec-2018 and this would continue till closure.

What is the Margin Rate ?

Margin Rate is what Banks take as the operational costs. It gets fixed when you have taken.  For example if you had availed home loan in Dec-2017 your home loan should have been 9.00% (8.90 + 0.10) your margin should be only 0.10 %. So your Interest rate would be 1-year MCLR + 0.10% for ever.

Now let’s compare your home loan with the new rates

Year 1-Year MCLR Customer who had taken in Dec-2016 time frame. Customer who had taken in Jan-2017 time frame.
Dec-2016 8.90 % 9.00 % (8.90+0.10)
Jan-2017 8.00 % 8.60 % (8.00+0.60)
Jan-2018 If 7.50 % in Dec & Jan 7.60 %(7.50 + 0.10) 8.30 %(7.70 +0.60)
Jan-2019 If 8.60 % in Dec & Jan 8.70% (8.60 + 0.20) 9.05% (8.60 + 0.45)
Sep-2019 If 9.25 % in Sep & Jan 9.35 %(9.25 + 0.10) 9.85%(9.25 + 0.60)

It would continue till the closure of the loan.  What we are seeing right now is, Short term profit and long term loss. People who convert to new rate without the long calculation they would start to pay every year 0.50% more than December rate.

1-year-MCLR had decreased drastically only due to demonetisation. Hopefully we need not stand in long Queues every year. Mostly its once in lifetime event.

Instead of banks making profits due to demonetisation drive they should have passed on the benefits to the end customers.

Hope to see cut in the Margins in coming days. Happy home Loans.

This complex calculations and to understand what is long term profit & short term loss versus short term profit with long term loss is better to be left to the professionals. http://loanyantra.com is best at this. We will wait for the margins to come down, then we would recommend the right change that would ensure you save the most on your home loans…

Happy Home Loaning…

Team

Loanyantra.com

Home Loan Interest Rates

What is Home Loan Interest Rate?

Home Loans have become the best medium to buy homes. Banks and NBFCs offer various home loan schemes and alluring interest rates that attract the home buyer. The key deciding factor for a customer to avail home loan from a particular financial institution is determined by the interest rate. The interest rate is charged on the principal loan amount. 

What determines interest rates on your Home Loan?

It is the bank that decides their lending rates. This depends on their cost of funds and NIM or Net Interest Margin which the banks need to earn to earn a profit and cover their operation cost.

An important point to note here is that home loans to salaried employees are offered at a lower rate as compared to those who are working in the unorganized sector; the prime reason for this is the stability of income of salaried employees.

The home loan interest rates calculation by the nationalized banks is presently based on MCLR or Marginal Cost of Lending Rate method. To this rate, the spread is added and then the final interest rate is mentioned to the customers or borrowers. And the NBFCs use Prime Lending Rate (PLR) calculation method.

Types of Home Loan Interest Rates

There are two kinds of home loan interest rates:

  • Fixed Interest Rate Loan-   This rate of interest remains fixed and the borrower has to pay a fixed EMI during the home loan tenure. The market fluctuations don’t impact the home loan rate. A major point of concern when it comes to fixed home loan rates is they are 1-2.5% higher than the floating rate of interest. If a borrower has fixed home loan then he/she doesn’t get the benefit if the home loan rates go down. Their EMI remains unaffected by it.
  • Floating Interest Rate Loan–  As the name indicates, floating rate loans have interest rates that change with the market condition. The are highly susceptible to market fluctuations. If the base rate changes, the floating rate also gets changed along with it. They are usually cheaper than the fixed rates but being highly influenced by the market condition they may vary as the RBI changes the rates.


Factors affecting home loan  
interest rate

  •    home-loan-interest-rates_loanyantra-comIncome
  •    Credit score
  •    Location of the property
  •    Loan amount
  •    Type of loan
  •    Loan tenure
  •    Type of interest rate
  •    Employment type
  •    On-going promo offers

All the banks and HFCs offer lucrative and competitive interest rate on the home loan, here is

The list of banks and HFCs and their interest rate.  

Banks and HFCs associated with Loanyantra Home Loan Interest Rate Range
SBI 8.50% – 9.10%
ICICI 8.65% – 10.10%
HDFC 8.65% – 9.25%
DHFL 9.00% – 10.00%
Indiabulls 8.65% – 12.25%
Standard Charted Bank 9.25% – 9.4%
Aditya Birla Housing Finance 8.65% -8.89%
IDBI 9.35%
Axis 9.15%-9.35%
CITI 8.8%- 9.55%
HSBC 8.85%-10.4%
Banks and HFCs not associated with Loanyantra Interest Rate
PNB Housing Finance 8.9% – 9.6%
LIC Housing Finance 8.5%
Kotak Bank 8.75%
Edelweiss 10.5%-10.9%
Reliance Capital 10%-11.75%
Bank of Baroda 9.6%
Indian Bank 9.65%
Dena Bank 9.6% – 9.85%
Bank of India 8.6% – 8.75%
Federal Bank 9.6%
Union Bank of India 8.8%
Allahabad Bank 8.7%-9.25%
Bank of India 8.65%-8.7%
Bank of Maharashtra 8.75% – 8.85%
Canara Bank 9.15%-9.70%

Discount on home loan interest rates by LOANYANTRA

Loanyantra is a one stop shop for all kind of home loan services. You process your loan with us and get 0.10% discount on the interest rate for one year. Also, manage your loan by the services provided by loanyantra. Get door-step service for the collection of documents and submitting them. Get updates about the process till disbursal. Our first priority is to understand our customer profile and then suggest them the best home loan which will match their requirement perfectly.  Get connected with us today to know more about home loans.

Demonetisation effect on Home Loans

Demonetisation effect on Home Loans was seen from Jan-1st-2017, when SBI made a announcement of it’s forth-Night MCLR rate coming down to 8.00% from 8.90% and Home Loan rate from 9.00% to 8.50% itself shows demonetisation effect was positive on Home Loan rate. But, did you miss something, I am sure you have missed it.

MCLR had reduced from : 8.90% to 8.00%  :  reduced by 0.90%

Where as Home Loan rate has reduced by only 0.50% (9.00% – 8.50%) where did the remaining 0.40% go.

Who is taking that extra 0.40% , when its not passed on to the new home loan rate ?

What most of the banks have done is they have increased there margins from 0.10% to 0.60%.

Now let me go into more details about, was demonetisation a benefit or loss to new Home Loan Seekers and existing customers.

Demonetisation effect on Home Loans

Let me explain in detail,  Before I tell you, why customer who had taken home loan in Dec-2016 is better rate then post demonetisation. First I would recommend how MCLR is calculated  to understand why MCLR had reduced due to demonetisation and now I would like to explain, how the home interest rate is set by banks.

Interest rate consist of 2 components.

Interest Rate = 1-Year MCLR  Rate + Margin Rate

Recent announcement was :  1-year MCLR Rate : 8.00 %

Margin Rate  was : 0.60 %

So effectively the Interest rate was set to  8.60 %  = 8.00 % + 0.60 %

Prior demonetisation was 9.00% = 8.90%(1-year MCLR) + 0.10% (Margin Rate)

What is 1-year MCLR ?

When we avail a loan with 1-year MCLR,  it’s 1-year Fixed loan. Which means any changes in  MCLR during that 12 months, your home loan will not be affected. For example if you availed home loan in Dec-2016 your interest rate change will be only in Dec-2017. So any change , decrease of MCLR or increase of MCLR, your home loan rate will not change during this 12 months. In Dec-2017 your home loan rate will get updated based on the 1-year MCLR during Dec-2017. Again next change will be next year Dec-2018 and this would continue till closure.

What is the Margin Rate ?

Margin Rate is what Banks take as the operational costs. It gets fixed when you have taken.  For example if you had availed home loan in Dec-2017 your home loan should have been 9.00% (8.90 + 0.10) your margin should be only 0.10 %. So your Interest rate would be 1-year MCLR + 0.10% for ever.

Now let’s compare your home loan with the new rates

Year 1-Year MCLR Customer who had taken in Dec-2016 time frame. Customer who had taken in Jan-2017 time frame.
Dec-2016 8.90 % 9.00 % (8.90+0.10)
Jan-2017 8.00 % 8.60 % (8.00+0.60)
Jan-2018 If 7.50 % in Dec & Jan 7.60 %(7.50 + 0.10) 8.30 %(7.70 +0.60)
Jan-2019 If 8.60 % in Dec & Jan 8.70% (8.60 + 0.20) 9.05% (8.60 + 0.45)
Sep-2019 If 9.25 % in Sep & Jan 9.35 %(9.25 + 0.10) 9.85%(9.25 + 0.60)

It would continue till the closure of the loan.  What we are seeing right now is, Short term profit and long term loss. People who convert to new rate without the long calculation they would start to pay every year 0.50% more than December rate.

1-year-MCLR had decreased drastically only due to demonetisation. Hopefully we need not stand in long Queues every year. Mostly its once in lifetime event.

Instead of banks making profits due to demonetisation drive they should have passed on the benefits to the end customers.

Hope to see cut in the Margins in coming days. Happy home Loans.

This complex calculations and to understand what is long term profit & short term loss Vs short term profit with long term loss . Which one is better, to be left to the professionals. http://loanyantra.com is best at this. We will wait for the margins to come down, then we would recommend the right change that would ensure you save the most on your home loans…

Happy Home Loaning…

Team

Loanyantra.com

The procedure of home loan for under construction apartment

Careful considerations are required while opting to buy an under-construction apartment. Banks become a little apprehensive while giving home loan for under construction apartment and require thorough documentation.

Documents required for home loan for under construction apartment

  • Buying directly from builders
  1. No Objection Certificate(NOC) from the builder on their letter head
  2. Letter from builder indicating the latest progress of construction.
  3. Agreement with the builder duly stamped and registered.
  4. Own Contribution Amount Proof.
  • Buying from registered cooperative housing society
  1. Share certificate and registration certificate of society.
  2. Own Contribution Amount Proof.
  3. No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the society on their letterhead

Tripartite Agreement

The tripartite agreement is a key legal document involving the buyer, lender and the builder. It clarifies the status of all parties involved and keeps a watchful eye on the documents.

The home loan process

Applying for home loan for under construction apartment remains more or less same for every national or private bank with only minor changes. However every bank would require you to submit original documents of the property and then only can they sanction your loan.

  1. Loan Application

First and foremost you would need to submit your application for the loan which can be done by visiting the bank office or online. With the application form, a list of KYC ( know your Customer) documents are required to submit which include- ID proof, address proof, income proof, bank balance statement and employment details among others.

After successful submission of application for along with documents, the bank will send its representatives for a field investigation to verify all the details provided by the applicant. Once everything is verified and crosschecked, the loan will then be sanctioned.

  1. Registration

After all the financial and technical valuation, the loan registration process begins in which the applicant is required to submit all the legal documents and sign the loan agreement.

  1. Loan Disbursement

After the completion of registration, the bank will disburse the agreed amount of loan to the applicant.  All the original documents should be kept by the bank until the full repayment of the loan.

The EMI process

When buying under-construction property, your bank may link the disbursal of home loan to the construction stages of the property. In such cases you can opt for paying pre-EMI. In this you need to only pay the interest amount on the disbursed loan until the full disbursal is done. Your EMI starts after the pre-EMI phase.

The construction stages for can be divided for example into an agreement stage, completion of foundation and ground floor stage and the completion of subsequent floors. The interest rates on loans differs bank wise.

LoanYantra’s Tips– Knowing all about the process of home loan for under construction apartment places you in a comfortable position. Always opt for pre-EMI schemes for under construction properties as they provide significant advantages.

If you are unsure of anything, you can easily Visit Loanyantra and avail expert advice and easy and affordable bank loan schemes.

 

Know About The Home Loan Process for Villas!

Bank home loans can be quite a luxury if you want to get your dream villa. However there are some “know-how’s” and “what-not’s” in the home loan process for villas that one has to know before applying for loans.

Eligibility criteria for home loans

There are certain criteria that one has to fulfill for the bank to take in your loan application.

  • Age– the age of the loan applicant should be above 23 years and the loan should be re-paid before attaining the age of 65.
  • Income– annual income of the person applying for the loan should be above 1, 00,000/- per annum.
  • Job stability– a salaried employee applying for the home loan should have a minimum 3 years of continuous employment. For business personnel, his/her business should be growing for more than 5 years and should be gaining profit for the past 2 years.

Documentation

The following list of documents also referred to as the KYC documents should be submitted along with the application.

  • Income proof of individuals.
  • Bank statement of last six months.
  • Proof of age.
  • Proof of residence.
  • Proof of identity that can be provided by voter ID, pan card, adhar card.

The Home Loan Process For Villas

Home loan basically involves four important processes or steps. The first step is the filling up of the application form followed by sanctioning, registration and disbursement.

  1. Loan Application

Most of the home loan application processes are done online which provides faster loan approval rates. However you can visit the bank office and fill up the application forms. You would need to submit the above mentioned list of KYC documents along with your application form.

  1. Sanction of home loan

Based on the various documents submitted, the bank will now proceed to evaluate the loan application.  Bank representatives should be sent to visit your residence and workplace to verify the details. If the bank is satisfied with your credentials, loan will then be sanctioned.

  1. Registration

Once the home loan is sanctioned, the bank will send details of the loan such as loan amount, tenure of the loan and certain other general terms and conditions. If you are satisfied with the details mentioned in the offer letter sent by the bank, you would then need to sign a duplicate letter of the same to be kept by the bank. This completes your registration process.

  1. Loan Disbursement

The amount that is sanctioned is then disbursed in one or more installments as mentioned in the sanction letter. EMI only starts after the total loan amount is disbursed. Till then the customer is only required to pay for the interest amount.

Loanyantra’s Tips: Banks usually provide you with 85% of the total expense required to buy the villa you have selected. The buyer has to make arrangements for the rest 15% themselves.

If you are still confused about the home loan process for villas or are looking for affordable and more flexible home loans, then Loanyantra (http://loanyantra.com/) is the best place to satisfy all your needs and queries.

Home Loan For Purchase Of Plot And Construction

Getting a home loan for purchase of plot and construction may be daunting and there are some of us who aren’t clear about the processes and steps involved and things to keep in mind constantly as you get the loan approved and start building your dream home. Fortunately, help is here. The process for home loan for purchase of plot is no longer a headache it used to be if you keep these things clear in your head.

Beginning the process for the home loan for purchase of plot and construction

The process begins by you filling out a formal application for the loan. It needs some basic details of your personal life including personal, education, income, employment, property details, costs estimated and your means of getting the repayment financed.

Documents necessary

The banks or financial institutions that provide you the home loan for purchase of plot generally ask the applicants to furnish the below-mentioned forms:

  • Age proof
  • Identity proof
  • Address proof
  • Income proof
  • Employment details
  • Educational qualification proof
  • Bank statement
  • Details of the property, if finalized

These people want to know that you’re the right person to get the loan to build your new home and ascertain that you would be able to fully repay it on time to the bank/agency without defaulting.

Types of house loans

Land loan, home loan and composite loan (land loan + house loan) are three types of the loosely-referred term “house loan”. A land loan or a plot loan is sanctioned when the customer wants to purchase a piece of residential plot/land. A land loan is only sanctioned if the land in question is non-agricultural and is under the limit of Municipal authorities.

Conditional clause for Land loans:

All land loans to be sanctioned come with a precondition that the construction should begin within a stipulated period. Whereas in the case of composite loan, the cost of construction is included in the loan value.

What’s the processing fee?

Banks charge a fee with the name processing fee in order to evaluate your application for the home loan for purchase of plot and it is non-refundable. It is generally quoted to be 0.25% to 0.5% of the amount you request for as the loan.

Verification process of the applicants

After about 2-3 days of submitting your application for the loan and depositing the processing fee, the bank invites you in for a meeting in person to decide if you’re capable of repaying it.

If your profile is satisfactory, the bank proceeds to conduct a field-investigation to verify the facts you have submitted. They validate every inch of detail you have mentioned on the application and scrutinize the facts commensurably. Your references are cross-checked and verified.

Repayment abilities of the applicant:

This is as simple as it sounds. If you don’t seem like you can pay back the amount of loan, you don’t get the loan. Getting them their money back with the interest is top-priority. The bank prepares and dispatches the loan offer letter to you.

 Property verification:

Bank wants to verify your property in question. Home loan is a type of a secured loan in which case you place your property as a collateral. You must submit the original documents of your property to the bank and you will get them back safely after the repayment in entirety of your loan amount with the interest, no-objection certificates, title-deed and any other required documents in original collected by the bank.

Final steps

A technical valuation by a qualified bank official takes place who evaluates the stage of the property, for example, if it is under construction the official verifies the stage of construction etc.

Loan disbursed!

The home loan agreement is signed later and the post-dated cheques for the fixed agreed upon term are submitted by you. Depending on the loan purpose, either plot or construction and the agreed means of cash disbursal (lump sum or in stages), the bank disburses the loan amount to the customer who begins building a house of their dream.

Some points we’d like to address:

  • Some land loans have a commencement clause. To address the concerns regarding speculative loan reasons, lenders have become sceptical about the borrower paying back. A commencement clause is attached with some loans which has penalties for non-commencement of construction as either increasing the interest rate over and above by 2% or the borrower may be asked to prepay the amount in its entirety and close the outstanding amount.
  • You have to register your land or property in the ownership of your name for later transactions that include immovable property. This guarantees a legal ownership title to you.
  • The sub-registrar or SDM of your area is the authority to receive your application, which you can make online and after due verification, they draw up a deed for you to complete registration.

At Loanyantra, we have partnered with major national banks to provide you, the customer, freedom to let the bank select you through our Organic Home Loan scheme. We shall appoint a dedicated relationship manager to monitor the status of your application every step of the way and give you services such as loan rate monitoring, part payment alerts, compare bank offers, discounts on your EMI’s etc absolutely free.