5 questions for home buyers to ask!

If answered accurately, they will help you take a more informed decision

Questions for home buyers to askNo loans to repay, modest aspirations and not a very ambitious retirement target. For Mumbai-based bank executive Alpesh Mehta and his schoolteacher wife Deepali, saving for their child’s education and marriage, as well as their own retirement, will be a breeze. But this could change if they go ahead with their plan to buy a house.In Mumbai, the minimum price of a 800-1,000 sq ft house is `1 crore. They will have to liquidate all their existing investments to raise about `20 lakh for the downpayment. The balance `80 lakh, if borrowed at 10% for 20 years, will mean an EMI of `77,200, which is roughly 60% of their combined monthly income of `1.3 lakh. Either the Mehtas will have to stop saving for their child’s goals or their retirement will have to be pushed back.The Mehtas are not the only ones entering this minefield. Across the country , a number of people are firming up plans to buy a new house. The New Home Index of Zyfin Research, an indicator of home buying plans of 3,000 households across 11 cities, has inched up in the past 12 months (see graphic).Though it is still in pessimistic territory, buyers are less pessimistic now than they were in May 2014. “The decline in pessimism has more to do with increased optimism about future income and job security than lower borrowing costs,“ says Debopam Chaudhuri, Chief Economist and VP-Research, ZyFin Research.

Despite the surge in buyer sentiment, real estate is still not a good investment in most parts of the country .Property price are still very high and despite the recent interest rate cuts, the cost of borrowing has not come down significantly. Before they take the plunge, potential borrowers need to ask themselves 10 questions. Your answers will tell you whether you should save more for a bigger down payment, buy a smaller house, invest in a cheaper city or not buy at all.


1. Can you afford the home loan EMI?

It might sound a no-brainer, but many home buyers get this wrong and bite off more than they can chew. The home loan EMI should be around 40% of your net household income. But that is if you don’t have other loans. A high EMI outgo can put your house-hold budget under pressure. If the home loan EMI accounts for more than 50% of the net household income, other goals will have to be downsized or junked altogether.Don’t be fooled into thinking that the recent cut in home loan rates have made property a viable investment. It will have a marginal im-pact on the total EMI. A 25 basis point cut will reduce the EMI of a `50 lakh loan for 20 years by `826.

It’s easy to get ambitious and go for a bigger loan if you are expecting generous increments in the coming years. Don’t make the mistake of leveraging on future income. While your income would certainly rise, but so would your expenses and financial commitments.


2. Have you factored in the other costs?

The advertised price is usually the base price of the property . The add-ons are usually kept hidden till you sit down with your cheque book. Many builders will slip in charges for facilities that you thought were free with the property. Others will keep certain charges hidden from the buyer by tucking them away in the fine print. These apart, there are other big-ticket add-ons such as the legal costs. The stamp duty and registration charges payable to the authorities add up a neat 7-8% to the overall price of the property. In all, these charges can push up the property price by 20-25%. Make sure you have factored in these additional costs.


3. Have you considered renting?

The high property prices means that renting is a better option in most cities.A 2-BHK house in Mumbai will cost close to `1.2 crore. If a buyer puts in `40 lakh as downpayment and takes a loan of `80 lakh, the EMI for 20 years comes to about `76,500. He also loses around `23,500 in interest that the `40 lakh downpayment could have potentially earned. The total cost per month comes to `1 lakh while he can easily get a similar house on rent in Mumbai for about `40,000-45,000 a month.

Don’t go by hypothetical examples.Instead, use an online rent-or-buy calculator to find which is is better for you.The one developed by Bigdecisions.com is a sophisticated online tool that takes into account several things, including the cost of the house, the amount of downpayment, the rate of interest of the home loan, the expected appreciation in the house price, the rent payable for a similar accommodation in the area and even the expected hike in the rent every year.


4. Will house value rise faster than the interest on loan?

In the early 2000s, when home loans were available at 6-7% and property prices were galloping at 20-25%, it made eminent sense to invest in an upcoming apartment project. Now, property prices are appreciating at a slower pace. In some markets, such as Noida and Greater Noida in the NCR, prices have even come down in the past 12-18 months.

If you are buying property as an investment with a loan, first assess whether its price will appreciate at a rate higher than what you are paying on the loan. “If you are payings 10% on the loan and the property price is expected to appreciate by 5-6%, then it is a bad buy,“ says Manish Shah, Cofounder and Chief Executive of Bigdecisions.com. Shah says the expected rate of appreciation is the single biggest determinant in their rent-or-buy calculator. “It makes the biggest difference in the decisions,“ he says.


5. Will this purchase force you to postpone other major goals?

Stagnant property prices and high EMIs are not the only problems that potential home buyers should be wary of. Their home buying plans can have serious implications on other financial goals, such as saving for their children’s education and marriage and their retirement. If the home loan EMI is too big, it will push other goals out of the financial plan. Worse, buyers like the Mehtas might have to liquidate existing investments to raise money for the downpayment. Though parents are unlikely to surrender child insurance plans and education related investments, retirement planning is easily sacrificed. “Younger people tend to think that retirement is an old age problem and defer the investment,“ says Shah of Bigdecisions.com. It is easy for investors to raid their retirement savings to fund their real estate dreams.You can take loans from the Provident Fund or the NPS for buying a house.Buy a house only if the purchase will not impact other goals. Otherwise, be ready for an asset-rich but cash poor retirement. Or not having enough money to send your child to a good college.

Revised Interest rates by banks as per MCLR.

Earlier were the days when banks used to play around with the interest rates. With the new introduction of interest rate calculation by RBI, since April 1, 2016, the competition amongst banks is running on a high speed.

Banks have to review their interest rates every month and publish on a pre-announced dates. Also, full-fledged review of the customer’s  risk profile is high in priority before lending the loan amount and in deciding the spread and the final interest rate.

So, how is it advantageous to customers?

Solution to this question lies within the following question.

Did banks ever observe the change in base rate and implement in their interest rate?

To make it practical…imagine you borrowed loan amount at 10%  interest rate. Out of which, say, 9.5% is base rate and 0.5% is spread.  If RBI changes the base rate to 9%, your interest rate is supposed to be 9.5% (9% +0.5%). But what happens in reality, the banks with unknown reasons, increase the spread. Instead of 0.5%, the banks can take a chance to increase the spread to 1%.

Now, with MCLR in existence, banks should consider the customers risk profile in detail, to decide on spread. Banks can’t easily get arbitrary with spread changes.

mclr interest rates_loanyantra

What will be the impact of 0.25% lesser interest rate on home loans?

The longer the remaining tenure, greater the impact. The saving can be in hundreds per month. But, when you calculate you end up saving atleast a month’s EMI.

A cut in small savings rate is likely to bring down bank deposit rates and ultimately lead to a drop in lending rates as well.

The other aspect,

For a borrower in April 1 get loans at the prevailing MCLR (9.3%), but a month later a new borrower might get a loan at a lower MCLR if the cost of funds drops. For the April borrower, it will take three more quarters for his loan to get reset. In other words, there could be 12 sets of one-year MCLR if cost of funds change every month.

Corporate customers are also likely to look at shorter term loans to take advantage of falling rates. This will mean that banks which borrow for longer terms but have give term loans will face an asset-liability mismatch – though the only issue there is that bank earnings become volatile, they don’t usually face a crisis because of that.

Observe the revised interest rates by various banks..

Bank / NBFC Current Base Rate, PLR New MCLR April 2016 Latest Update
Allahabad Bank 9.70% 9.30% – 9.60% 01st Apr 16
Andhra Bank 9.75% 29th Sep 15
Axis Bank 9.50% 9.10% – 9.65% 01st Apr 16
Bajaj Finserv (PLR) 20.16% 01st May 14
Bank of Baroda 9.65% 9.00% – 9.35% 01st Apr 16
Bank of India 9.70% 9.15% – 9.40% 01st Apr 16
Bank of Maharashtra 9.70% 9.10% – 9.65% 01st Apr 16
BNP 9.50% 23rd Sep 13
Canara Bank 9.65% 9.00% – 9.45% 01st Apr 16
Catholic Syrian Bank 10.50% 01st Dec 11
Central Bank of India 9.70% 08th Oct 15
Citi Bank 9.25% 12th Oct 15
City Union Bank 10.50% 01st Nov 15
Corporation Bank 9.65% 08th Oct 15
DBS Bank 9.10% 01st Feb 16
Dena Bank 9.70% 9.30% – 9.60% 01st Apr 16
Deutsche Bank 9.20% 19th Oct 15
Development Credit Bank 10.70% 14th Dec 14
Dhan Laxmi Bank 11.40% 03rd Nov 15
DHFL PLR 18.30% 08th Oct 15
Edelweiss PLR 17.50% 30th Nov -1
Federal Bank 9.63% 9.14% – 9.60% 01st Apr 16
GIC Housing Finance PLR 15.00% 30th Nov -1
HDFC PLR 16.30% 05th Oct 15
HDFC Bank 9.30% 8.95% – 9.35% 01st Apr 16
HSBC Bank 9.10% 09th Nov 15
ICICI Bank 9.35% 9.40% – 9.70% 01st Apr 16
IDBI Bank 9.75% 30th Sep 15
IIFL PLR 17.50% 01st Apr 14
Indiabulls PLR 17.05% 08th Oct 15
Indian Bank 9.65% 9.20% – 9.70% 01st Apr 16
Indian Overseas Bank 9.90% 9.50% – 9.90% 01st Apr 16
IndusInd Bank 10.60% 19th Oct 15
Jammu and Kashmir Bank 9.50% 05th Oct 15
Karnataka Bank 10.25% 8.95% – 9.20% 01st Apr 16
Karur Vysya Bank 10.40% 05th Oct 15
Kotak Bank 9.50% 8.90% – 9.65% 01st Apr 16
Lakshmi Vilas Bank 10.55% 08th Feb 16
LIC Housing Finance PLR 14.20% 10th Oct 15
Nainital Bank 9.75% 21st Oct 15
OBC 9.70% 30th Sep 15
PNB 9.60% 9.15% – 9.55% 01st Apr 16
PNB Housing Finance 14.35% 27th Apr 15
Punjab and Sindh Bank 9.75% 05th Oct 15
Ratnakar Bank 10.65% 16th Oct 15
Reliance Capital PLR 18.00% 01st Nov 15
SBBJ 9.70% 05th Oct 15
SBI 9.30% 8.95% – 9.35% 01st Apr 16
South Indian Bank 10.00% 9.50% – 10.00% 01st Apr 16
Standard Chatered Bank 9.50% 8.45% – 9.65% 01st Apr 16
State Bank of Hyderabad 9.75% 08th Oct 15
State Bank of Mysore 9.65% 07th Oct 15
State Bank of Patiala 9.65% 05th Oct 15
State Bank of Travancore 9.95% 05th Oct 15
Syndicate Bank 9.70% 9.65% – 9.65% 01st Apr 16
Tamilnad Mercantile Bank 10.40% 15th Oct 15
UCO Bank 9.70% 05th Oct 15
Union Bank of India 9.65% 9.25% – 9.45% 01st Apr 16
United Bank of India 9.65% 12th Oct 15
Vijaya Bank 9.65% 08th Oct 15
Yes Bank 10.25% 9.00% – 9.60% 01st Apr 16

To know more about MCLR, its calculation and the difference between base rate and MCLR, refer the following link.

http://loanyantra.com/blog/wp-admin/post.php?post=246&action=edit

 

Home Loan – Apply online; know the present interest rates! – Loanyantra

Now-a-days, competition for home loans has outgrown competition for homes. This rose a requirement of applying online for a home loan.

When you can search for your home online, then why not search for a home loan online. So after searching and applying online, we take our services a step forward. This idea is in action only to take the home loan and the related services to our customers customized. 

Loanyantra

What makes us different from others.

As we are, our service starts where many others’ end.

Once you apply online, we take you through the process, which is simple and transparent. Check your eligibility and we guide you to the customized interest rates. If you find us your true beneficiary, associate with us. You will get a call within no time. Get home loan approval from the required bank.

So now, you experience our efforts. Retire from your home loan thoughts. You are into our loan rate shield process. We send you alerts on changing interest rates and suggest you for a balance transfer when needed. 

Infact, we are managing your loan. Each step, from the time you enter your details, apply online, getting customized rates, getting required bank approvals, and timely alerts, we try to save your valuable time, make it economical and most important keep you away from stress.

For details, visit, Loanyantra .

Part payment of home loan Vs Interest reduction penalty

It is very common for a home loan payer to do the part payment of home loan to reduce the principal amount or a penalty for reducing the present interest rate. Both the options are the best if you want to close your home loan fast. But the question arises which option to take when. Here is a brief description about part payment of home loan and interest reduction penalty.

Part payment of home loan Vs Interest reduction penalty


1. What is part payment of home loan? What is Interest reduction penalty?


Part payment of home loan-  Payment made to reduce the principal of your loan. For suppose, every now and then in an year, if you save, say, minimum of Rs. 50,000 or say Rs. 1 Lakh. You can pay that amount to the bank against your home loan. This amount will be added to the principal. Inturn, this will reduce your loan tenure.


Interest Reduction Penalty – A minimal fees to be paid, to the bank, if you want to change your home loan interest rate to the present home loan interest rate.


2. When do you opt for either of the options?


Part Payment of home loan – Don’t wait to pool up your savings for part payment of home loan. Paying a minimal amount also can reduce your principal which will reduce the loan tenure. No extra fees to be paid. But be careful with your bank’s terms. Though there is no extra fees, there is a limit on the no. of times you go for part payment in an year.


Interest Reduction Penalty – If your interest rate is higher than the present interest rate and makes a much difference on your EMI, mark it in your to-do list to change your interest rate.  For example, if you are on 12 % interest and the present rate is 9%. You are paying 3% extra on your home loan which is merely a waste. Instead, pay the penalty and change to the present rate, and plan for a holiday on your monthly savings.


3. Which one to choose?


This question is valid when you are almost at the end of the home loan tenure. Or, if you plan for a balance transfer. If you are in any of these situations, then paying penalty for interest reduction is a no no. This would charge your pocket an extra than reducing the burden. If you have savings, it is better to opt for part payment of home loan which will help reduce your tenure and if you want, can also reduce the EMI.


Hence, remember that both the options are the best. But what is important is how well you choose.

Best banks for home loan borrowers!

Favorite banks for Indian Home loan borrowers


                            In India, saving and investing money is the option which everyone looks for. Investing money in buying a home is in everyone’s to do list. So no wonder that they go for a detailed analysis about the home loan and the process involved in it to choose the best, the fastest and the safest home loan provider.

                            According to the recent analysis, here are the details of the favorite banks for Indian home loan borrowers.

  1. SBI  Home Loan capturing 25.5% market share.
  2. HDFC Ltd. with 24.13%
  3. LIC Housing with 15.83%
  4. ICICI Bank with 13.10%
  5. Axis Bank with 6.23%
  6. IDBI Home Loan with 4.67%
  7. PNB Home Loan with 4.22%
  8. Others with 6.32%

These are the points usually borrowers look at while applying for a home loan.

  • Interest rate – Fixed, floating, hybrid
  • Home loan processing speed and the fees involved.
  • Loan qualification
  • Repayment terms

Let us go deep into these topics.

  • Interest rate :

                                 

    Interest rate offered is the primary factor of comparison. It affects the EMI and total amount payable. For a home loan, it is advised to go for a loan with low interest rates. Also it is recommended to decide whether to go for a fixed or flexible or hybrid loan rate.

     

Interest rates of various banks are as follows :

  1. SBI                          –             9.50% – 10.00%

  2. HDFC Ltd.             –            9.50% – 10.40%

  3. LIC Housing          –           10.10%

  4. ICICI Bank             –           9.50% – 9.90%

  5. AXIS Bank              –          9.65% – 10.45%

  6. IDBI Bank               –          9.85% – 10.15%

  7. PNB                          –         9.85% – 10.50%


Here is the graph showing the trends of Home loan base interest rate over the five years :

Best banks for home loan

  • Home Loan processing speed and the fees involved :

                            

It is a bit difficult process to apply for the home loan. You have to submit a large set of income and property related documents. The timeline for the approval will differ from bank to bank. Some banks are comparatively slower than others in carrying out the procedures, while some banks will approve your loan in simple and less time-consuming way. 

 

                            You can choose your bank as per your convenience. If you can spend enough time to carry out the procedural work, then you can apply for the slower banks. 

Here is the list of some major banks processing fees :

Bank Processing Fees
ICICI Bank 0.50% – 1.00% of the loan amount or Rs. 1500/- (Rs. 2000/- for Mumbai, Delhi & Bangalore), whichever is higher + applicable Service Tax & Surcharge
HDFC Ltd 0.5% or 10,000+service tax (12.36%), whichever is higher
SBI Home Loan Up to 25 lacs : 0.25% of loan amount minimum Rs.1000/-25-75 lacs : Rs. 6500/-75 & above : Rs. 10,000/-
Axis Bank Up-to 1% of the loan amount subject to minimum of Rs.10,000/-
LIC Housing 0.50% of the loan amount
IDBI Home Loan Nil
PNB Home Loans 0.50% of the loan amount
  • Loan Qualification :

                            Each bank, internally, has its own rules to grant the loan.  The different aspects usually lenders look into are the age, the source of income, credit history, employment stability, etc. Hence, each individual chooses the lender according to one’s own preferences.

  • Repayment terms : 

                            Housing finance regulator, National HOusing Bank (NHB), has already barred home finance companies from charging any prepayment penalty. Among banks, State Bank of India was the  first to do away with the pre payment fee on both fixed and floating rate loans. Following this, nearly 20 banks withdrew the penalty on floating rate loans. however, most lenders continue to charge the penalty on premature closure of fixed rate loans. Hence, it is another aspect a borrower looks at while taking a loan.

                            Different lenders use different yardsticks for measuring the borrower’s eligibility. Why shouldn’t borrowers consider doing research and compare several competitive features of home loans offered by different lenders? It is better to have the policies, facts, terms and conditions clarified well in advance before locking in a seemingly ideal home loan with any lender.

Understand fixed vs flexible interest rates with examples!

Fixed vs flexible interest rates

The toughest decision to make while going for a home loan is deciding on which interest rate to prefer. As we know, Fixed rate has a constant interest rate during the whole loan period or fixed for certain number of years where as Flexible rate changes periodically with respect to the market. But there are pros and cons for both of them.


Fixed Rate :

Pros:

  • It is usually preferred when an individual doesn’t want to face any kind of financial risk.
  • It varies very little from lender to lender.
  • It is easy to understand.

Cons:

  • The interest rate would be higher when the market is on a higher trend, then.. 
  • the qualifying will be tough,
  • they will be less affordable, and 
  • the same higher rate remains, for the whole loan period, even when the market is on down trend or stable.

For example : Akshay bought a home for 50 lakhs. Out of 10 lakhs was payed as a down payment and 40 lakhs by a home loan. He took a home loan when the market is on the down trend and so, the interest rate is also lower, which is at 9%, ten years ago. Now the market is on the up trend, and the rates are higher. Akshay is saved from this financial risk of  increase in the interest rates.


 On the other hand, Abhinav bought a home for 50 lakhs. Out of which 10 lakhs was payed as down payment and 40 lakhs by a home loan. He took a home loan when the market is on higher trend and so,the interest rate is also higher, which is at 11%, interest ten years ago.  Now the market trend is stable and little on the lower trend, so the interest rate is 9%. But since the interest rate is fixed, Abhinav is paying 2% extra. 


So, when opting for a fixed rate as interest rate, take a wiser decision by knowing the trends of the market. This effects the number of years you are paying the home loan. Clever decision might increase to a decade or even reduce to half a decade. 


Note : Even fixed rates undergo changes after a certain time interval. It varies according to the individual lender.


Flexible or Adjustable Rate : 
Pros :

  • Flexible rate, initially is set a little lower than that of the fixed rate.
  • Depends on repo rate.When RBI increases the repo rate the interest rate would also be increasing. Moreover, this interest rate hike will not be for the entire tenure of the loan. Say you took a loan for 15 years. Over such a long time frame, interest rates are bound to fall.
  • Ceiling, i.e., this is the highest interest rate that the adjustable rate is permitted to become during the life of the loan.  

Cons :

  • It is complicated.
  • The monthly payment may change frequently over the period of the loan. Usually it is for every quarter, but it depends on the individual lender. For e.g., ICICI bank reviews it for every quarter.
  • With the change in the interest rate, you either have to change the monthly payment or change your tenure. i.e., if the monthly payment is constant then the tenure increases and vice versa.

Have to make a note of the review date.

Influence of Repo rate on flexible rate : 
Repo rate is the rate at which the RBI lends money to the financial institutions. So when there is a change in the repo rate, there will be a change in the interest rate. If there is an increase in the repo rate, i.e., the banks have to pay more interest, then they charge more from the customers, which increases the interest rate.


For example : Akash took a home loan of 50 lakhs with flexible interest rate of 9% when the fixed rate was 10.5%. Now there is a review of the rates every quarter. The revised rates are sent to Akash. It says, december – 9%, march – 9.05%, july – 9.15%, october – 9.01%, So, we observe a frequent change in the interest rate. This is depended on the market trend and the repo rate. But the flexible rate did not reach the fixed rate. Infact, it is very rare that the flexible rate would have drastic changes.


 As observed, there are pinholes in both the cases and also true advantages. Hence, regardless of the type of the loan that we select, we have to chose carefully to avoid costly mistakes.