Home Loan versus Land Loan
The banking system has transformed itself a lot in recent times. It offers myriads of financial products which makes it easy for people to fulfil their desire. One of the biggest boons that the banking system has given to individuals is the provision of loans for different purposes. Buying home is the dream of every person and banks offer home loan for the same. These loans are available at attractive interest rates. Another type of loan that you can use for constructing a new home is, land loan or plot loan. The land loan or construction loan make it easy for people to buy lands or plots and construct the house.
What are plot loan, or land loan and home loan?
Home Loan- This loan is provided by the banks and NBFCs to purchase homes. Home loans can be used for buying constructed home , project under construction or home approved for construction. Home loans are available for all the approved properties.
Plot loan for Land Purchase – As the name indicates; these loans are granted by banks for buying plots or land. This loan can be availed by all the residents of India and should be more than 21 years of age. People take plot loan for buying lands or plots as an investment for future or to construct home. This loan is available to both salaried and self-employed individuals.
Purpose of Plot Loan:
- You can use this loan for direct allotments in a housing society or developer project
- You can also use this loan in development authority project.
Leading Banks providing Plot/Land Loans-Plot loans, home loans– The banks have become very common and most of the banks provide this loan. Here is the list of banks and financial institutions that provide a home loan, plot Loan and land loan:
- ICICI Bank
- Punjab National Bank or PNB
- State Bank of India
- Axis Bank
- HDFC Bank
- Federal Bank etc.
The application procedure and documentation for all these banks remain the same, however, the interest rates may vary from one bank to another.
How does home loan differ from a land loan or plot loan?
When it comes to the home loan or land loans then people mostly opt for this loan when they wish to construct a house or buy a house. However, there is a line of difference between the two, home loans are available for all the approved properties irrespective of their size or location. Whereas the land loan can be used to purchase vacant plot which is:
- Non-agricultural land
- Lies in the municipal corporation limits
- The land is not an industrial area
- The land is not located in the village
Banks are a bit stringent towards land loans as compare to a home loan. Banks and NBFCs only grant a land loan to the individual who has a definite plan to construct a home in the given frame of time. Once the borrowers complete the house construction then a completion certificate must be submitted to the bank. After this, the land loan can be converted into a home loan and the borrower can avail applicable tax benefits. As per the present regulation system, the land loans don’t offer tax benefits.
The NRIs or Non-Residents find it very difficult to get land loans. There are various government regulations that make land loan for NRIs a challenging affair. Even if they get the loan when it comes at a higher interest rate.
|Parameter||Land Loan||Home Loan|
|Eligibility Criteria||Resident Indian and NRIs with some conditions who are above the age of 21||All the residents of India can apply for home loan . They should be more than 21 years of age|
|Tax Benefit||You can only get tax benefit if you do the construction on the land and submit completion certificate . Then the land loan gets converted into home loan and you can avail tax benefit, otherwise land loans have no tax benefit||Home loan offer tax benefit to it borrowers|
|Tenure||10-15 years||Up to 30 years|
|LTV||Maximum limit of up to 50% to 70% of the cost of plot.||Up to 90% of cost of land and construction|
|Pre-payment Charges||In case of land loan, the pre-payment charges is 2%-4%||In case of home loan, if an individual has taken home loan on floating interest rate then there is no foreclosure charges|
|Co-applicant||Yes, there can be a co-applicant for land loan. Having a co-applicant enhances the loan amount and also reduces the burden of EMI.||While applying for home loan you can have a co-applicant . Having a co-applicant enhances your loan taking capacity.|
Documentation for Land Loan or Home Loan –
Whether you are buying a home loan or land loan, you need to submit the documents for the same. Here is the complete list of documents that banks would ask you to submit while applying for a loan :
- Application form
- Photograph of the applicant
- ID proof like Aadhaar Card, Voter ID, Passport etc.
- Address Proof like Utility bills, phone bills, electricity bills.
- Bank statement of last six months
- Form 16
- The salaried individuals need to submit the bank statement of last six months showcasing salary credited
- In case the borrower is self-employed individuals, then they need to submit IT returns along with sales receipt.
- In case of plot loan or land loan, the borrower needs to submit site ownership documents in the name of the seller. These documents include the following:
- No Encumbrance certificate for the land
- Revenue receipt
- Original ownership documents
- Land records
- Approved plot layouts
- Tax receipts for taxes paid by the land owner
Interest Rates- Once you have completed the formalities and have decided to take the desired loan, it is important that you must run through the interest rates offered by the banks and NBFCs. The land loan interest rates are higher than a home loan. Thus, it’s advisable to compare the interest rates before finalizing the bank.
Land Loan Interest Rates by Top lenders in India –
|Bank Name / Top Lenders in India||Land Loan Interest Rates|
|SBI||Floating – 8.30% – 8.65%|
|HDFC||8.45% – 8.70%Floating|
|ICICI||8.50% – 8.85%Floating|
|Axis||8.35% – 11.75%Fixed/Floating|
|DBS||8.5% – 8.5%Floating|
|CANARA BANK||8.35% – 8.55%Floating|
|DHFL||9% – 9.75%|
Home Loan Interest Rates by Top Lenders in India –
|Bank or NBFC/Top Lenders in India||Home Loan Interest Rates|
|ICICI||The Home loan starts from 8.85%|
|8.70% to 8.95%|
|BOB||8.30% – 9.35%|
|Axis Bank||8.35% – 11.75%|
|Indiabulls||Starting from 8.70%|
|HSBC||Starting from 8.50%|
|IDBI||8.35% – 8.65%|
Tenure of Home Loan Vs Plot Loan – The tenure for home loan is usually 30 years or 20 years. Also with land loan or plot loan for land purchase, the tenure is same as home loan.
Our Role: Loanyantra is a transparent medium that connects the buyers with the right financial institutions. We also help in completing the paperwork related to home loans and other types of loan, thus making the entire process hassle-free for you. For more information on different types of loan and features, connect with us today. 040-71011991.